A Short History of Intellectual Property' in Relation to Copyright

46 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2009 Last revised: 13 Jan 2021

See all articles by Justin Hughes

Justin Hughes

Loyola Law School Los Angeles

Date Written: July 11, 2009


Following work published in 2006, this article explores the history of the phrase 'intellectual property' as it was used in the 19th century and early 20th century by jurists speaking French, Spanish, Italian, and English. During this period 'intellectual property' was used by many commentators to refer to copyright alone; indeed, in Spanish, the phrase unambiguously meant just copyright. The article sketches out how officials in WIPO's predecessor organization rechristened it an 'intellectual property' entity and helped establish the modern, umbrella sense of the term for patents, copyrights, trademarks, etc. Finally, the manuscript explores how the property-or-not debate has animated discussions of copyright theory throughout the history of copyright law.

Keywords: intellectual property, BIRPI, Berne Convention, Paris Convention, WIPO, Pouillet, copyright, trademark, patent, legal history

Suggested Citation

Hughes, Justin, A Short History of Intellectual Property' in Relation to Copyright (July 11, 2009). 33 Cardozo Law Review 1293 (2012), Cardozo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 265, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1432860

Justin Hughes (Contact Author)

Loyola Law School Los Angeles ( email )

919 Albany Street
Los Angeles, CA 90015-1211
United States
213-736-8108 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.justinhughes.net

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