Zero Nominal Interest Rates, Unemployment, Excess Reserves and Deflation in a Liquidity Trap
ISER Discussion Paper No. 748
31 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2009
Date Written: July 13, 2009
We present a dynamic and monetary model that consistently explains such various phenomena as unemployment, deflation, zero nominal interest rates and excess reserves held by commercial banks. These phenomena are commonly observed during the Great Depression in the United States, the recent long-run stagnation in Japan, and the worldwide financial crisis triggered by the US subprime loan problem of 2008. We show that an excessive liquidity preference leads to a liquidity trap and thereby generates the phenomena.
Keywords: Liquidity Trap, Zero Nominal Interest Rate, Persistent Unemployment, Excess Reserve, Deflation
JEL Classification: E12, E31, E41, E51
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