Economic Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production in Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-Section Measures

Posted: 15 Jul 2009

See all articles by Tadesse Deressa

Tadesse Deressa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Rashid M. Hassan

University of Pretoria

Date Written: August 2009

Abstract

This study used the Ricardian approach that captures farmer adaptations to varying environmental factors to analyze the impact of climate change on crop farming in Ethiopia. By collecting data from farm households in different agro-ecological zones of the county, net crop revenue per hectare was regressed on climate, household and soil variables. The results show that these variables have a significant impact on the net crop revenue per hectare of farmers under Ethiopian conditions. The seasonal marginal impact analysis indicates that marginally increasing temperature during summer and winter would significantly reduce crop net revenue per hectare whereas marginally increasing precipitation during spring would significantly increase net crop revenue per hectare. Moreover, the net crop revenue impact of predicted climate scenarios from three models (CGM2, HaDCM3 and PCM) for the years 2050 and 2100 indicated that there would be a reduction in crop net revenue per hectare by the years 2050 and 2100. Moreover, the reduction in net revenue per hectare by the year 2100 would be more than the reduction by the year 2050 indicating the damage that climate change would pose increases with time unless this negative impact is abated through adaptation. Additionally, results indicate that the net revenue impact of climate change is not uniformly distributed across the different agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia.

Keywords: C53, Q25, Q54

Suggested Citation

Deressa, Tadesse and Hassan, Rashid M., Economic Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production in Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-Section Measures (August 2009). Journal of African Economies, Vol. 18, Issue 4, pp. 529-554, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1433984 or http://dx.doi.org/ejp002

Tadesse Deressa (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Rashid M. Hassan

University of Pretoria ( email )

Physical Address Economic and Management Sciences
Pretoria, Gauteng 0002
South Africa

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