Functional Polycentrism and Urban Network Development in the Greater South East UK: Evidence from Commuting Patterns, 1981-2001

55 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2009

See all articles by Bastiaan de Goei

Bastiaan de Goei

University of Cambridge

Martijn J. Burger

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Frank G. van Oort

University of Utrecht

M. Kitson

University of Cambridge - St Catharine's College

Date Written: 25 2009 6,

Abstract

In contemporary literature on changing urban systems, it is often argued that the traditional central place conceptualisation is outdated and should be replaced by a network view that emphasises the increasing criss-crossing pattern of interdependencies between spatial units. This paper tests for urban network development by looking at commuting patterns in the Greater South East UK. The analysis is based on census commuting interaction data for three points in time during the past three decades (1981, 1991, and 2001). Although the empirical results indicate that the Greater South East UK can still not be characterized as a polycentric urban region or integrated urban network, there is some evidence for urban network development at the local, intra-urban, level as well as a decentralization of the system at the regional, inter-urban, level.

Keywords: United Kingdom, gravity model, commuting, urban networks, Greater South East

JEL Classification: M13, O32, M, J61, O18, P25

Suggested Citation

de Goei, Bastiaan and Burger, Martijn J. and van Oort, Frank and Kitson, Michael, Functional Polycentrism and Urban Network Development in the Greater South East UK: Evidence from Commuting Patterns, 1981-2001 (25 2009 6,). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2009-038-ORG, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1434572

Bastiaan De Goei

University of Cambridge ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

Martijn J. Burger

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Frank Van Oort

University of Utrecht ( email )

Vredenburg 138
NL-3508 TC Utrecht, 3511 BG
Netherlands

Michael Kitson

University of Cambridge - St Catharine's College ( email )

Trinity Ln
Cambridge, CB2 1TN
United Kingdom

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