What Affects International Migration of European Science and Engineering Graduates?

37 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2009

See all articles by Andries de Grip

Andries de Grip

Maastricht School of Business and Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Didier Fouarge

Maastricht University

Jan Sauermann

SOFI, Stockholm University; IZA; Maastricht University - Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA)

Abstract

Using a dataset of science and engineering graduates from 12 European countries, we analyse the determinants of labour migration after graduation. We find that not only wage gains are driving the migration decision, but also differences in labour market opportunities, past migration experience, and international student exchange are strong predictors of future migration. Contrary to our expectations, job characteristics such as the utilisation of skills in the job and involvement in innovation hardly affect the migration decision. When analysing country choice, countries such as the USA, Canada and Australia appear to attract migrants due their larger R&D intensity. Moreover, graduates with higher grades are more likely to migrate to these countries.

Keywords: migration, university graduates, scientists & engineers

JEL Classification: F22, J61

Suggested Citation

de Grip, Andries and Fouarge, Didier and Sauermann, Jan, What Affects International Migration of European Science and Engineering Graduates?. IZA Discussion Paper No. 4268, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1434602

Andries De Grip (Contact Author)

Maastricht School of Business and Economics ( email )

P. O. Box 616
Maastricht, NL 6200 MD
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Didier Fouarge

Maastricht University ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

Jan Sauermann

SOFI, Stockholm University ( email )

Kyrkgatan 43B
SE-106 91 Stockholm
Sweden

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Maastricht University - Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA) ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht MD6200
Netherlands

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