Dynamics of Consumer Adoption of Financial Innovation: The Case of ATM Cards
Published in Management Science, vol.60(4), pp.903-922, 2014
37 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2009 Last revised: 29 May 2015
Date Written: June 26, 2013
We develop a structural consumer lifecycle model to investigate consumers’ adoption and usage decisions of ATM cards. If consumers are forward-looking with a known discount factor, our framework can control for the heterogeneous lifespan faced by consumers of different ages, and hence measure adoption costs more accurately. Moreover, our framework can recover the monetary value of total adoption costs. To estimate our model, we use an Italian panel dataset, which contains information on consumers’ adoption decisions for ATM cards, and their cash withdrawal patterns before and after adoption. Our results suggest that one could significantly overestimate adoption costs for the elderly when ignoring their shorter lifespan. Our policy experiments show that a sign-up bonus targeted at the elderly could be much more effective if implemented as a limited-time offer rather than a permanent offer. Interestingly, if the sign-up bonus is permanent, younger consumers may strategically postpone adoption.
Keywords: Financial Innovation, Adoption Costs, Household Finance, Consumer Lifecycle Model, Cash Demand Model, ATM Cards, Dynamic Programming
JEL Classification: C25, D12, D91, E41, M21, M31, O33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation