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Shame and Punishment: An International Comparative Study on the Effects of Religious Affiliation and Religiosity on Attitudes to Offending

European Journal of Criminology, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 481-495

20 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2009 Last revised: 7 Jan 2010

Ferry Koster

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of Social Sciences; Tilburg University - TIAS School for Business and Society; University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS)

Heike Goudriaan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Coen Van der Schans

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: July 21, 2009

Abstract

This study investigates the effects of having a religious affiliation and of an individual’s level of religiosity on social norms about victimless crimes. Two mechanisms are hypothesized to influence these norms: having a religious affiliation, via external sanctioning by others and religiosity via internal sanctioning. In addition, it was predicted that the effects of internal sanctioning would be stronger than the effects of external sanctioning. To test these hypotheses, we used the data from the World Values Survey (WVS) 1981-2004. The final dataset contains information on 128,243 respondents residing in 70 countries. The results of the multivariate analyses show that having a religious affiliation, as well as a higher level of religiosity result in a stronger condemnation of victimless crimes and that the effects of religiosity are stronger than the effects of belonging to a religious group.

Keywords: victemless crimes, offending, social norms, religion

Suggested Citation

Koster, Ferry and Goudriaan, Heike and Van der Schans, Coen, Shame and Punishment: An International Comparative Study on the Effects of Religious Affiliation and Religiosity on Attitudes to Offending (July 21, 2009). European Journal of Criminology, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 481-495. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1436943

Ferry Koster (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.ferrykoster.nl

Tilburg University - TIAS School for Business and Society ( email )

Warandelaan 2
TIAS Building
Tilburg, Noord Brabant 5037 AB
Netherlands

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies (AIAS)

PLantage Muidergracht 12
Amsterdam, 1018 TV
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.uva-aias.net

Heike Goudriaan

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Coen Van der Schans

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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