A New Paradigm of Individual, Group, and Organizational Performance

116 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2009 Last revised: 17 Jun 2014

Werner Erhard


Michael C. Jensen

SSRN; Harvard Business School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Harvard University - Accounting & Control Unit

Barbados Group

Barbados Group

Date Written: November 17, 2010


The current theory (model) of performance, while having produced many improvements in performance during its hundred-year reign, has been essentially exhausted. This has left us with little more than a labyrinth of explanations for human performance. Quoting the Committee on Techniques for the Enhancement of Human Performance of the U.S. National Research Council Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education (Druckman et al. 1997): “The committee is therefore unable to draw conclusions, based on scientific evidence, on what does or does not work to enhance organizational performance”

Given that models are constrained and shaped by the paradigm from within which they are generated, a truly new model of performance would require a new paradigm of performance. Our new model of performance (a part of our new paradigm of performance), rather than adding more explanations for why people do what they do and why they don’t do what they don’t do, provides actionable access to the source of human performance. This actionable access to the source of performance opens up a new realm of opportunity for study and research, and for new and more effective interventions, applications, and practices for improving individual, group, and organizational performance.

Keywords: Performance, Model, Paradigm, Access, Action, Occur, Correlate, Language, Applications, Phenomenology

JEL Classification: D23, M21, M50

Suggested Citation

Erhard, Werner and Jensen, Michael C. and Group, Barbados, A New Paradigm of Individual, Group, and Organizational Performance (November 17, 2010). Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper No. 11-006; Barbados Group Working Paper No. 09-02. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1437027 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1437027

Michael C. Jensen

SSRN ( email )

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Harvard Business School ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

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Harvard University - Accounting & Control Unit ( email )

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Barbados Group

Barbados Group ( email )

PO Box 189
Sharon, VT 05065
United States

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