Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores: The Rest of The Story
56 Pages Posted: 2 Aug 2009 Last revised: 18 May 2010
Date Written: July 30, 2009
Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores is one of the most famous 20th century cases in American contract law, usually credited both with expanding the reach of the promissory estoppel doctrine and with opening up the issue of liability for precontractual reliance. It is a staple in contracts casebooks. By fortunate circumstance we have located the plaintiff, who retains a vivid memory about many of the circumstances in his famous case. We have interviewed him and we have examined the full trial record as well as the briefs on appeal. In this article we tell the story of what we have learned about this famous case, including what happened after the appellate decision. We conclude that a fuller understanding of the facts provides information about a promise that was made, yet was not described in the Court’s opinion. This promise supports the outcome of the litigation. Justice was done! The plaintiff substantially relied to his detriment after receiving specific assurances from an authorized agent of the defendant that he would receive a franchise if he relied by selling his bakery building and business. Reimbursing precontractual reliance in this circumstance can be done without creating a rule that would justify reimbursement of precontractual reliance in all circumstances.
Keywords: contracts, promissory estoppel, franchise, franchising, Hoffman v. Red Owl Stores, precontractual reliance, reliance, legal archaeology, law in action, law and society, legal history
JEL Classification: K12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation