Frequentist Inference in Weakly Identified DSGE Models
42 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2009 Last revised: 9 Oct 2009
Date Written: July 30, 2009
The authors show that in weakly identified models (1) the posterior mode will not be a consistent estimator of the true parameter vector, (2) the posterior distribution will not be Gaussian even asymptotically, and (3) Bayesian credible sets and frequentist confidence sets will not coincide asymptotically. This means that Bayesian DSGE estimation should not be interpreted merely as a convenient device for obtaining asymptotically valid point estimates and confidence sets from the posterior distribution. As an alternative, the authors develop a new class of frequentist confidence sets for structural DSGE model parameters that remains asymptotically valid regardless of the strength of the identification. The proposed set correctly reflects the uncertainty about the structural parameters even when the likelihood is flat, it protects the researcher from spurious inference, and it is asymptotically invariant to the prior in the case of weak identification.
Keywords: DSGE models, Bayesian estimation, identification, inference, confidence sets, Bayes factor
JEL Classification: C32, C52, E3, E5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation