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Fast-Fish, Loose-Fish: How Whalemen, Lawyers, and Judges Created the British Property Law of Whaling

42 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2009  

Robert Deal

Marshall University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 31, 2009

Abstract

Anglo-American whalemen in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries used customs largely of their own creation to resolve disputes at sea over contested whales. These customs were remarkably effective as litigation was rare and violence even rarer. Legal scholars such as Robert Ellickson have correctly pointed to these customs as an example of how close knit communities settle disputes without recourse to formal legal institutions or even knowledge of the applicable law. Ellickson’s belief, however, that these whaling customs were universally followed at sea and were - in turn - adopted by courts, is not entirely accurate. While courts often deferred, in part, to whaling practices, judges and lawyers were also active participants in creating the property law of whaling. British courts at the turn of the nineteenth century did much to advance one whaling custom over a competing practice. In the 1820s, British lawyers and judges applied the emerging action of interference with trade to whaling disputes and thereby reintroduced aspects of the custom their predecessors had previously rejected.

Suggested Citation

Deal, Robert, Fast-Fish, Loose-Fish: How Whalemen, Lawyers, and Judges Created the British Property Law of Whaling (July 31, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1442202 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1442202

Robert Deal (Contact Author)

Marshall University ( email )

Huntington, WV 25755-2300
United States

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