Spatial Influences on the Employment of U.S. Hispanics: Spatial Mismatch, Discrimination, or Immigrant Networks?

38 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2009

See all articles by Judith K. Hellerstein

Judith K. Hellerstein

University of Maryland - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Melissa McInerney

College of William and Mary

David Neumark

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: January 1, 2009

Abstract

Employment rates of Hispanic males in the United States are considerably lower than employment rates of whites. In the data used in this paper, the Hispanic male employment rate is 61 percent, compared with 83 percent for white men.1 The question of the employment disadvantage of Hispanic men likely has many parallels to the question of the employment disadvantage of black men, where factors including spatial mismatch, discrimination, and labor market networks have all received attention as contributing factors. However, the Hispanic disadvantage has been much less studied, and the goal of this paper is to bridge that gap. To that end, we present evidence that tries to assess which of the three factors listed above appears to contribute to the lower employment rate of Hispanic males. We focus in particular on immigrant Hispanics and Hispanics who do not speak English well.

Suggested Citation

Hellerstein, Judith K. and McInerney, Melissa and Neumark, David, Spatial Influences on the Employment of U.S. Hispanics: Spatial Mismatch, Discrimination, or Immigrant Networks? (January 1, 2009). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP- 09-03. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1442868 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1442868

Judith K. Hellerstein (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

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Melissa McInerney

College of William and Mary ( email )

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David Neumark

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics ( email )

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