Does Gender Inequality Reduce Growth in Sub - Saharan African and Arab Countries?

African Development Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 224-242, 2009

Posted: 4 Aug 2009

See all articles by Mina Baliamoune-Lutz

Mina Baliamoune-Lutz

University of North Florida ; Economic Research Forum

Mark McGillivray

AusAID

Date Written: September 1, 2009

Abstract

This paper uses 1974 to 2001 panel data for 31 sub - Saharan African and 10 Arab countries and Arellano - Bond estimations to empirically assess the impact on growth of an important indicator associated with MDG 3; namely the ratio of 15 - 24 year - old literate females to males. Our findings indicate that gender inequalities in literacy have a statistically significant negative effect that is robust to changes in the specification. In addition, it seems that gender inequality has a stronger effect on growth in Arab countries. Interestingly, we find that the interaction between openness to trade and gender inequality has a positive impact. This result suggests that trade - induced growth may be accompanied by greater gender inequalities.

Suggested Citation

Baliamoune-Lutz, Mina and McGillivray, Mark, Does Gender Inequality Reduce Growth in Sub - Saharan African and Arab Countries? (September 1, 2009). African Development Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 224-242, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1443134

Mina Baliamoune-Lutz (Contact Author)

University of North Florida ( email )

1 UNF Drive
Jacksonville, FL 32224-2645
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.unf.edu/

Economic Research Forum ( email )

21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly Street
Dokki, Giza
Cairo
Egypt

HOME PAGE: http://erf.org.eg/

Mark McGillivray

AusAID ( email )

Canberra
Australia

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