Does Gender Inequality Reduce Growth in Sub - Saharan African and Arab Countries?
African Development Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 224-242, 2009
Posted: 4 Aug 2009
Date Written: September 1, 2009
This paper uses 1974 to 2001 panel data for 31 sub - Saharan African and 10 Arab countries and Arellano - Bond estimations to empirically assess the impact on growth of an important indicator associated with MDG 3; namely the ratio of 15 - 24 year - old literate females to males. Our findings indicate that gender inequalities in literacy have a statistically significant negative effect that is robust to changes in the specification. In addition, it seems that gender inequality has a stronger effect on growth in Arab countries. Interestingly, we find that the interaction between openness to trade and gender inequality has a positive impact. This result suggests that trade - induced growth may be accompanied by greater gender inequalities.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation