Which Reputations Does a Brand Owner Need? Evidence from Trade Mark Opposition
37 Pages Posted: 6 Aug 2009
Date Written: August 3, 2009
At least two: the reputation of their brand and a reputation for being tough on imitators of this brand. Sustaining a brand requires both investment in its reputation amongst consumers and the defence of the brand against followers that infringe upon it. I study the defence of trade marks through opposition at a trade mark office. A descriptive analysis of trade mark opposition is provided. Building on this a model of opposition and adjudication of trade mark disputes is presented. This is applied to trade mark opposition in Europe. Empirical results show that brand owners can benefit from a reputation for tough opposition to trade mark applications. Such a reputation induces applicants to settle trade mark opposition cases more readily.
Keywords: Trade marks, Opposition, Intellectual property rights, Reputation
JEL Classification: K41, L00, O31, O34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation