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Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan

Saima Naeem

State Bank of Pakistan

Asad Zaman

Pakistan Institute of Development Economics

May 23, 2009

Researchers have established that gift exchange is an important explanation for efficiency wages. Since gift exchange is a culture dependent phenomenon, we sought to replicate these findings in Pakistan, to assess the prevalence of gift exchange mechanism. We chose to study gift exchange via a field experiment in the simple setting of charitable donations in door to door campaign. Significant differences in outcomes were observed, suggesting a rejection of the simple gift exchange mechanism, which involves roughly equal exchanges over short time intervals. A plausible alternative explanation for our results may be complex gift exchange, which works over longer intervals.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 23

Keywords: gift exchange, charity Giving

JEL Classification: C93, D63

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Date posted: August 31, 2009 ; Last revised: August 19, 2014

Suggested Citation

Naeem, Saima and Zaman, Asad, Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan (May 23, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1443568 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1443568

Contact Information

Saima Naeem
State Bank of Pakistan
I.I. Chundrigar Road
Asad Zaman (Contact Author)
Pakistan Institute of Development Economics ( email )
Quaid-i-Azam University Campus
P.O.Box 1091
Islamabad, Federal Capital 44000
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