Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan

23 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2009 Last revised: 19 Aug 2014

See all articles by Saima Naeem

Saima Naeem

State Bank of Pakistan

Asad Zaman

Al-Nafi; Akhuwat University

Date Written: May 23, 2009

Abstract

Researchers have established that gift exchange is an important explanation for efficiency wages. Since gift exchange is a culture dependent phenomenon, we sought to replicate these findings in Pakistan, to assess the prevalence of gift exchange mechanism. We chose to study gift exchange via a field experiment in the simple setting of charitable donations in door to door campaign. Significant differences in outcomes were observed, suggesting a rejection of the simple gift exchange mechanism, which involves roughly equal exchanges over short time intervals. A plausible alternative explanation for our results may be complex gift exchange, which works over longer intervals.

Keywords: gift exchange, charity Giving

JEL Classification: C93, D63

Suggested Citation

Naeem, Saima and Zaman, Asad, Charity and Gift Exchange in Pakistan (May 23, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1443568 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1443568

Saima Naeem

State Bank of Pakistan

I.I. Chundrigar Road
KARACHI, Sindh 74000
Pakistan

Asad Zaman (Contact Author)

Al-Nafi ( email )

64 Fullerton Crecent
Markham, Ontario L35 3G5
Canada

Akhuwat University ( email )

Lalyani
Ferozepur Road
Kasur, Punjab 55110
Pakistan
55110 (Fax)

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