The Effect of Compulsory Schooling on Health – Evidence from Biomarkers

33 Pages Posted: 11 Aug 2009  

Hendrik Jürges

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Eberhard Kruk

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA)

Steffen Reinhold

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA)

Date Written: June 1, 2009

Abstract

Using data from the Health Survey for England and the English Longitudinal Study on Ageing, we estimate the causal effect of schooling on health. Identification comes from two nation wide increases in British compulsory school leaving age in 1947 and 1973, respectively. Our study complements earlier studies exploiting compulsory schooling laws as source of exogenous variation in schooling by using biomarkers as measures of health outcomes in addition to self-reported measures. We find a strong positive correlation between education and health, both self-rated and measured by blood fibrinogen and C-reactive protein levels. However, we find ambiguous causal effects of schooling on women's self-rated health and insignificant causal effects of schooling on men's self-rated health and biomarker levels in both sexes.

Keywords: health, compulsory schooling, biomarkers, regression discontinuity

JEL Classification: I12, I2

Suggested Citation

Jürges, Hendrik and Kruk, Eberhard and Reinhold, Steffen, The Effect of Compulsory Schooling on Health – Evidence from Biomarkers (June 1, 2009). MEA Discussion Paper 183-09. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1443920 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1443920

Hendrik Jürges (Contact Author)

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Eberhard Kruk

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

Steffen Reinhold

University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

D-68131 Mannheim
Germany

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