From Unpaid to Paid Care Work: The Macroeconomic Implications of HIV and AIDS on Women's Time-Tax Burdens

Levy Economics Institute, Working Paper No. 570

32 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2009

See all articles by Rania Antonopoulos

Rania Antonopoulos

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Taun N. Toay

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: August 4, 2009

Abstract

This paper considers public employment guarantee programs in the context of South Africa as a means to address the nexus of poverty, unemployment, and unpaid work burdens - all factors exacerbated by HIV/AIDS. It further discusses the need for gender-informed public job creation in areas that mitigate the “time-tax” burdens of women, and examines a South African initiative to address social sector service delivery deficits within the government’s Expanded Public Works Programme. The authors highlight the need for well-designed employment guarantee programs - specifically, programs centered on community and home-based care - as a potential way to help offset the destabilizing effects of HIV/AIDS and endemic poverty. The paper concludes with results from macroeconomic simulations of such a program, using a social accounting matrix framework, and sets out implications for both participants and policymakers.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Gender, Care Work, Unpaid Work, Community and Homebased Care (CHBC), South Africa, Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP), Social Accounting Matrix (SAM), Employment Guarantee

JEL Classification: B54, E24, H51, I30, J16, J22, O55

Suggested Citation

Antonopoulos, Rania and Toay, Taun N., From Unpaid to Paid Care Work: The Macroeconomic Implications of HIV and AIDS on Women's Time-Tax Burdens (August 4, 2009). Levy Economics Institute, Working Paper No. 570 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1444091 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1444091

Rania Antonopoulos (Contact Author)

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
United States
1-845-758-7717 (Phone)
1-845-758-1149 (Fax)

Taun N. Toay

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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