The Establishment-Level Behavior of Vacancies and Hiring
51 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2009 Last revised: 9 Oct 2009
Date Written: July 20, 2009
The authors study vacancies, hires, and vacancy yields (success rate in generating hires) in the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, a large representative sample of U.S. employers. The authors also develop a simple framework that identifies the monthly flow of new vacancies and the job-filling rate for vacant positions, the employer counterpart to the job-finding rate for unemployed workers. The job-filling rate moves counter to employment at the aggregate level but rises steeply with employer growth rates in the cross section. It falls with employer size, rises with the worker turnover rate, and varies by a factor of four across major industry groups. The authors' analysis also indicates that more than 1 in 6 hires occur without benefit of a vacancy, as defined by JOLTS. These findings provide useful inputs for assessing, developing, and calibrating theoretical models of search, matching, and hiring in the labor market.
Keywords: vacancies, job openings, job-filling rate, vacancy duration, hiring, labor
JEL Classification: D21, E24, J6
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation