Embeddedness of Entrepreneurs in Rural Areas: A Comparative Rough Set Data Analysis

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 09-058/3

23 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009

See all articles by Aliye A. Gulumser

Aliye A. Gulumser

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Tuzin Baycan-Levent

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Martijn Brons

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics

Date Written: August 12, 2009

Abstract

This study aims to identify the critical factor(s) that determine the embeddedness level (EL) of rural entrepreneurs. In order to achieve this aim, existing applied studies on the embeddedness of entrepreneurs undertaken in different rural areas were systematically collected to create a database in order to provide the material for a systematic comparative analysis. This was done in order to highlight common and contrasting findings from a set of selected studies for different ELs. As many results of these studies were largely qualitative in nature and only partially comparable, a specific tool for analysing categorical data based on artificial intelligence methods, viz. rough set data analysis (RSDA), was employed. This experimental study is the first RSDA approach that compares the results of several rural case studies and infers general induction rules for the different ELs. The results of our analysis show that using and benefiting from local resources are the key factors that explain how entrepreneurs become embedded in rural areas.

Keywords: Q190, R23

JEL Classification: rural development, rural entrepreneurship, embeddedness, rough set data analysis

Suggested Citation

Gulumser, Aliye A. and Nijkamp, Peter and Baycan-Levent, Tuzin and Brons, Martijn, Embeddedness of Entrepreneurs in Rural Areas: A Comparative Rough Set Data Analysis (August 12, 2009). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 09-058/3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1447799 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1447799

Aliye A. Gulumser (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 4446091 (Phone)
+31 20 4445611 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

Tuzin Baycan-Levent

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Martijn Brons

VU University Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands

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