The Irish Risky Lending Gap
41 Pages Posted: 12 Aug 2009 Last revised: 24 Aug 2009
Date Written: August 12, 2009
This paper develops a simple model of the gap between socially and privately optimal bank lending when a bank has an overhang of impaired loans, and analyzes government policies designed to close this gap. The impaired loans have risky cash flows but observable market values. A number of basic concepts are explicated including the risky lending gap, the capital component and asset risk component of the risky lending gap, capital injections versus asset purchases as policy tools, decomposition of the effects of asset purchases into loan substitution and risk absorption effects, the supply schedule of risky lending, the no-lending trap, and a risk-capital metric for comparing the various policy choices. The model is calibrated to match the current Irish banking environment and some tentative policy implications are suggested.
Keywords: bank lending, liquidity, credit
JEL Classification: E44, E53, E58, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation