Measuring Mutual Dependence Between State Repressive Actions
Journal of Conflict Resolution, 58(6):1003-1032
30 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 27 Jan 2015
Date Written: 2014
This study explores the relationships between state violations of different human rights. Though most quantitative studies in international relations treat different types of repressive behaviors as either independent or arising from the same underlying process, significant insights are gained by conceptualizing different human rights violations as separate but dependent processes. We present a theoretical framework for conceptualizing the mechanisms relating human rights practices and produce a novel measurement strategy based on network analysis for exploring these relationships. We illustrate high levels of complementarity between most human rights practices. Substitution effects, in contrast, are occasionally substantial but relatively rare. Finally, using empirically informed Monte Carlo analyses, we present predictions regarding likely sequences of rights violations resulting in extreme violations of different physical integrity rights.
Keywords: human rights, repression, network analysis
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