Can Non-State Governance 'Ratchet Up' Global Standards? Assessing Indirect and Evolutionary Potential

43 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 13 Mar 2016

Benjamin Cashore

Yale University

Stefan Renckens

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kelly Levin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Laura Bozza

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Graeme Auld

Yale University

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

In the past decade and a half, interest in non-state market driven (NSMD) governance has grown so that it is now championed to cover virtually every major global problem including forest deterioration, fisheries depletion, mining destruction, tourism, industrial factory conditions in developing countries, e-waste, and climate change. Existing research has revealed a troubling puzzle: support has either been strongest among firms and within regions where regulations are relatively high or it has emerged in niche markets that, by definition, cannot generate global standards to which all production must adhere. What is evolutionary potential of NSMD to move beyond market separation to “ratchet up” global standards?

Answering this question requires that the next generation of research focus on three potentially more powerful indirect effects that current support for NSMD systems may trigger: support from less regulated firms as market uptake occurs; learning and norm generation of NSMD systems that may influence more authoritative domestic and intergovernmental policy arenas; and the impacts that standards in one sector may influence regulations in others, such as occurs between forestry and agriculture. We draw on cases from developing and developed countries to illustrates and assess our argument.

Suggested Citation

Cashore, Benjamin and Renckens, Stefan and Levin, Kelly and Bozza, Laura and Auld, Graeme, Can Non-State Governance 'Ratchet Up' Global Standards? Assessing Indirect and Evolutionary Potential (2009). APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1450435

Benjamin Cashore (Contact Author)

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Stefan Renckens

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kelly Levin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Laura Bozza

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Graeme Auld

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
85
Rank
242,947
Abstract Views
661