The Evolution of Armed Groups

13 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 5 Oct 2009

See all articles by David H. Sacko

David H. Sacko

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ben Paganelli

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Daylan Phillips

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

Armed groups have long posed an existential threat to the state. Whether we call them non-state actors, armed political action groups (APAGs) or simply armed groups, these entities operate outside the sovereign state’s monopoly on coercive force to achieve political goals in opposition to the state. Until fairly recently, armed groups lacked any true international capacity. The armed groups most relevant to the state were ones operating within its borders - be they those using psychological pressure to achieve a political goal (terrorists), furthering a criminal enterprise (organized crime), attempting to change the regime (insurgents) or simply resisting the will of the state through tribal or ethnic affiliation (militias). The goals of these groups, however, were usually domestically situated. We did not need the events of 9/11 to demonstrate that armed political action groups had an international agenda. The inherent international dimension to the drug trade connected local organized crime into international syndicates. Transnational links between terrorist groups began to become more apparent since the days of the ideologically motivated terrorists of the 1970s. Common ethnic lines of militias in different states have emerged and rare is the case that an insurgency does not have international support from either a state or a group outside the state. Armed groups are a de facto international actor.

Suggested Citation

Sacko, David H. and Paganelli, Ben and Phillips, Daylan, The Evolution of Armed Groups (2009). APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1450466

David H. Sacko (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Ben Paganelli

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Daylan Phillips

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
117
Abstract Views
832
rank
254,378
PlumX Metrics