Delaying the Buck: Timing, Uncertainty, and Appropriations Outcomes
22 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 17 Apr 2012
Date Written: 2009
How do the dynamics of executive-legislative bargaining affect policy outcomes? This project examines the relationship between the duration of the appropriations process and budgetary outcomes in order to assess the relative importance of congressional actors and the sources of tension between them. We analyze whether longer delays at various stages of the process result in greater concessions to the president or to greater volatility in outcomes. We find that delay is associated with greater concessions to the president, but not with volatility, suggesting that the uncertainty in bargaining is uncertainty regarding the president’s position. We also find that the House concedes more to presidents who prefer less spending and that the Senate is more responsive to presidential needs during presidential election years.
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