Explaining Variation in the Structural Correlates of Protest Participation
22 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 13 Sep 2010
Date Written: September 2009
Resource-based explanations of protest participation examine the way in which individual characteristics predict whether or not a particular person will engage in protest activity. This paper examines variation in these predictors over space and time, using data from the first four waves of the World Values Survey. After identifying the magnitude and statistical significance of sociodemographic predictors for each country-year in the data, I make a first cut at explaining what causes the importance of these predictors to vary across contexts. The study confirms previous results with regard to the existence of a gender gap in political participation and the usefulness of educational resources for predicting protest participation. Comparing an economic modernization explanation and a democratic openness explanation for variation in the correlates of protest, I find more support for the modernization hypothesis.
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