Labor as a Pro-Democracy Actor in Egypt and Brazil

39 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last revised: 23 Sep 2009

See all articles by Rabab El-Mahdi

Rabab El-Mahdi

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2009


For the past two decades neoliberalism as a political and economic model became the main panacea of globalization, reshaping a lot of relations on the international level as well as within the boundaries of nation-states. While a lot of the literature discussed the disintegrating effects of neoliberalism on collective action, this paper investigates and documents an opposite pattern. Contrary to the case of many Latin American countries, where the advent of neoliberalism coupled with ensuing democratization processes have demobilized a lot of collective actors prompting the now famous question: “where have all the movements gone?” In the case of many Middle Eastern countries, the opposite dynamic seem to be unraveling. That is, political and economic impacts of neoliberalism seem to be prodding long-dormant actors to a cycle of collective contention.

Suggested Citation

El-Mahdi, Rabab, Labor as a Pro-Democracy Actor in Egypt and Brazil (2009). APSA 2009 Toronto Meeting Paper, Available at SSRN:

Rabab El-Mahdi (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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