The Unequal Burden of Poverty on Time Use

Levy Economics Institute Working Paper No. 572

28 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2009

See all articles by Burca Kizilirmak

Burca Kizilirmak

Ankara University

Emel Memis

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Date Written: August 14, 2009

Abstract

This study uses the first time-use survey carried out in South Africa (2000) to examine women’s and men’s time use, with a focus on the impacts of income poverty. We empirically explore the determinants of time spent on different paid and unpaid work activities, including a variety of household and individual characteristics, using bivariate and multivariate Tobit estimations. Our results show asymmetric impacts of income poverty on women’s and men’s time use. Time-use patterns of South African women and men reveal the unequal burden of income poverty among household members. While being poor increases the amount of time women spend on unpaid work, we do not see any significant impact on men’s unpaid work time. For example, women in poor households spend more time than men collecting water and fuel, as well as maintaining their homes.

Keywords: unpaid work, time use, gender-based inequality

JEL Classification: D31, D63

Suggested Citation

Kizilirmak, Burca and Memis, Emel, The Unequal Burden of Poverty on Time Use (August 14, 2009). Levy Economics Institute Working Paper No. 572. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1452851 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1452851

Burca Kizilirmak (Contact Author)

Ankara University ( email )

TR-06590 Cebeci
Ankara
Turkey

Emel Memis

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504
United States

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