The Research-Practice Gap in Industrial-Organizational Psychology and Related Fields: Challenges and Potential Solutions
OXFORD HANDBOOK OF INDUSTRIAL-ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, Steve Kozlowski, ed., Oxford University Press, 2009
122 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2009
Date Written: August 16, 2009
The gap between science and practice in Industrial/Organizational Psychology and related fields is large and, some believe, getting larger. Although not everyone views this as a matter for concern, there is growing momentum to take actions to strengthen the interface between science and practice. The present paper examines three underlying sources of the gap: lack of awareness of what the other side knows and cares about; lack of belief or confidence in the knowledge generated or held by the other side; and lack of implementation of knowledge or ideas, even in the face of awareness and belief. Based on this analysis, proposed solutions are offered for each source of the gap, as are directions for future research and practice.
Keywords: research-practice gap, evidence-based management, industrial-organizational psychology, human resource management research, knowledge transfer, academic-practitioner relationships, jury decision making, adoption of innovations, research co-production
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