L'Effet Des Taxes Et Des Transferts Sur La Pauvrete Au Quebec Et Au Canada (The Effect of Taxes and Transfers on Poverty in Quebec and in Canada) (French)
CIRPEE Working Paper 09-24
31 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2009 Last revised: 16 Jul 2018
Date Written: August 18, 2009
This paper estimates the contribution of the main sources of income as well as that of taxes and transfers on the level of poverty in Quebec and in Canada. This contribution is decomposed into a product of the effects of total size and performance per dollar of each of the income source. An important problem in this type of exercise is that the order along which the components of income are ranked can influence considerably the share of total poverty alleviation allocated to each component. A sharing rule is thus used to allocate to each income component a part of total poverty alleviation that is independent of the ordering that is chosen. Sensitivity tests are also applied to assess the role of the choice of poverty lines and indices. The results indicate that the more generous social programs do not always exhibit the greatest relative poverty reduction performance, and that other aspects of the tax/benefit system that are less prominent are more effective in that regard. Relatively to the rest of Canada, Quebec’s social programs are both more generous and more poverty-performant, this, however, being associated with taxes in Quebec that are also heavier and more costly in terms of poverty impact.
Keywords: Poverty, transfers, taxes, robustness analysis, Shapley value, Quebec, Canada
JEL Classification: D31, I32, I38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation