Does Congress Have the Constitutional Power to Prohibit Partial-Birth Abortion?

36 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2009

See all articles by Robert J. Pushaw

Robert J. Pushaw

Pepperdine University - Rick J. Caruso School of Law

Date Written: August 19, 2009

Abstract

The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act makes it a federal crime for doctors to perform certain late-term abortions. Congress justified this law as an exercise of its power “to regulate Commerce ... among the several States.” It is unclear whether the Act will be upheld under the Supreme Court's current Commerce Clause standards, which are malleable and therefore tend to be applied in light of each judge's politics and ideology. To remedy this problem, Professor Pushaw urges the Court to articulate and consistently apply precise rules of law rooted in the Commerce Clause's language, history, and early precedent. Under this approach, the Court would sustain the Act because the performance of partial-birth abortions is “commerce” -- the sale of a service in the market -- that has demonstrable effects “among the states.” The proposed analysis is politically neutral, however, because it would also support the constitutionality of the federal statute protecting abortion clinics, as interstate market-based enterprises, from criminal interference. Such an apolitical legal approach seems especially useful when addressing an explosive issue like abortion.

Keywords: abortion, commerce clause, constituional law

JEL Classification: K19

Suggested Citation

Pushaw, Robert J., Does Congress Have the Constitutional Power to Prohibit Partial-Birth Abortion? (August 19, 2009). Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 42, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1457977

Robert J. Pushaw (Contact Author)

Pepperdine University - Rick J. Caruso School of Law ( email )

24255 Pacific Coast Highway
Malibu, CA 90263
United States
(310) 506-6318 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
158
Abstract Views
1,653
rank
270,972
PlumX Metrics