Models for Comparative Analysis of Culture: The Case of Poland
The International Journal of Human Resource Management , Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 606-623, August 1999
18 Pages Posted: 22 Aug 2009
Date Written: January 20, 2000
This paper examines the main theoretical frameworks for analysis of comparative cultural attitudes. A critical discussion of the work by Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck, Hofstede and Trompenaars leads to a new theoretical approach for study of the national cultural attitudes and norms of behaviour. A methodology based on action research is designed to compare the ‘internalized’ norms of behaviour with the ‘perceived’ norms. Two different but complementary techniques are applied to a small sample of Polish students to investigate Polish cultural attitudes using Hofstede’s dimensions. Signi cant discrepancy is found between what people perceive and communicate in public as the ‘national cultural norm’, and what they have internalized as cultural attitude and norm of behaviour. The ndings from this exploratory research indicate that there are different levels of internalization of cultural attitudes, and that respondents express different cultural values in response to different research tools.
Keywords: Comparative culture, cultural predispositions, transformation in eastern
JEL Classification: Comparative culture, M14, M12
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