The Eastern Partnership, the Union for the Mediterranean and the Remaining Need to Do Something with the ENP
CRCEES Working Papers No. WP2009/01, 38pp.
37 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2009 Last revised: 7 Mar 2018
Date Written: August 22, 2009
The questionable practice of conditionality used outside of its initial pre-accession context, the grouping together of countries which have little or nothing in common, and the lack of real incentives for the European Union’s neighbourhood partners, as well as a reliance on a range of ‘phantom’ common values, together suggest that the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is falling short of the ambitious goals originally set for it. This paper summarises the main drawbacks of the ENP and then proceeds to an analysis of the ability of the newly introduced ‘Eastern Partnership’ and the ‘Union for the Mediterranean’ initiatives to remedy the key deficiencies of the policy. The conclusions are discomforting: instead of targeting the main drawbacks of the policy, new layers are built on the ENP’s questionable core, increasing the complexity of the EU’s relations with its neighbourhood and sending a signal that, all the pro-active rhetoric notwithstanding, the Union is not ready to be wholeheartedly engaged with the ENP partners.
Keywords: ENP, European Union, Europe, Mediterranean, Foreign Policy, CFSP, Eastern Partnership, Conditionality, External Relations
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