The Southern Economy

Posted: 1 Sep 2009 Last revised: 10 Aug 2011

See all articles by Art Carden

Art Carden

Brock School of Business, Samford University

Date Written: March 19, 2010


This essay surveys some of the key themes in Southern economic history and traces the development of the region through the colonial and revolutionary eras, the antebellum period, the Civil War and Reconstruction, the post-bellum period, and the modern period. In particular, I highlight the findings of economic historians on the economics of slavery and focus on the development of Southern institutions in light of the antebellum slave society. The resurgence of the Southern economy is examined in light of recent hypotheses about technological change, policy, and productivity growth.

Keywords: South, slavery, institutions, development, economic history

JEL Classification: N11, N12, N31, N32, N41, N42, N91, N92

Suggested Citation

Carden, Art, The Southern Economy (March 19, 2010). Available at SSRN:

Art Carden (Contact Author)

Brock School of Business, Samford University ( email )

800 Lakeshore Drive
Birmingham, AL 35229
United States


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