Pinocchio's Pupil: Using Eyetracking and Pupil Dilation to Understand Truth-Telling and Deception in Sender-Receiver Game
69 Pages Posted: 20 Sep 2009
Date Written: September 1, 2009
We report experiments on sender-receiver games with an incentive for senders to exaggerate. Subjects “overcommunicate” - messages are more informative of the true state than they should be, in equilibrium. Eyetracking shows that senders look at payoffs in a way that is consistent with a level-k model. A combination of sender messages and lookup patterns predicts the true state about twice as often as predicted by equilibrium. Using these measures to infer the state would enable receiver subjects to hypothetically earn 16-21 percent more than they actually do, an economic value of 60 percent of the maximum increment.
Keywords: Cheap talk, Truth-bias, Lie detection, behavioral game theory, eyetracking, experimental economics, behavioral economics
JEL Classification: C72, C92, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation