Educational Attainment and Attitudes Towards War in Muslim Countries Contemplating War: The Cases of Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey

30 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2009

See all articles by M. Najeeb Shafiq

M. Najeeb Shafiq

University of Pittsburgh

Karen Ross

Indiana University

Date Written: September 4, 2009

Abstract

This study addresses the little understood relationship between educational attainment and public attitudes towards war in four predominantly Muslim countries contemplating war: Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey. The multivariate analysis using public opinion data suggests that the educational attainment of respondents has no statistically significant association with believing that war is necessary for obtaining justice. In a separate analysis, there is no statistically significant association between educational attainment and believing that U.N. approval is necessary before using military force to deal with an international threat. This study suggests that there is some validity to concerns raised by the U.K.’s Department for International Development and UNICEF that education may not be contributing to peaceful conflict resolution.

Keywords: Education; war; conflict; Muslim; Jordan; Lebanon; Pakistan; Turkey; social benefits of education

JEL Classification: A13, I2, O1, O2, O53, O55, O57

Suggested Citation

Shafiq, M. Najeeb and Ross, Karen, Educational Attainment and Attitudes Towards War in Muslim Countries Contemplating War: The Cases of Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey (September 4, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1468777 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1468777

M. Najeeb Shafiq (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh ( email )

135 N Bellefield Ave
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.pitt.edu/~mnshafiq

Karen Ross

Indiana University

School of Education
201 N. Rose Avenue
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States

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