The Customer is Always Right . . . Not! Employer Liability for Third Party Sexual Harassment
Lea B. Vaughn
Univ. of Washington School of Law
Michigan Journal of Gender & Law, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002
I was standing in line at the local grocery store, waiting for my regular checker. In front of me were two guys, purchasing beer and snacks. Slightly bored, I listened absently to their conversation as I scanned the tabloid headlines. My boredom vanished, however, when I realized they were "hitting on" Mary (pseudonym), asking if she were available that evening after work to share beer, snacks and good times. I found myself staring open-mouthed since it was easy to see her wedding band, and I could discern no behavior of hers that would have invited these comments.
Unfortunately, behavior like this is all too common. While Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act has made such behavior between supervisors and employees, or even co-employees, clearly off limits, courts and employers are are still reluctant to tell their customers to treat their employees with dignity and respect. Despite this tepid legal response, this paper presents the case for imposing liability on employers who do nothing to prevent customer harassment of workers.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 91
Keywords: sexual harassment, sex discrimination, discrimination, gender & law, workplace harassment
Date posted: September 10, 2009