Title IX and the Allocation of Resources to Women's and Men's Sports

University of Alabama, Economics, Finance and Legal Studies Working Paper Series Working Paper No. 09-08-08

26 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2009

See all articles by Amy Farmer

Amy Farmer

University of Arkansas - Department of Economics

Paul Pecorino

University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies

Date Written: September 9, 2009

Abstract

As a result of Title IX, there has been a large increase in participation of women in college sports, while men’s participation has remained roughly constant. Using a standard contest success function, we analyze the resource allocation decision between women’s and men’s sports before and after the Title IX regulation is imposed. If the number of women’s and men’s sports is held constant, the model predicts an increase in resources devoted to women’s sports which is matched by a one-for-one decrease in resources devoted to men’s sports after Title IX is implemented. Since this prediction is counterfactual, we next consider the possibility that women’s sports are added and men’s sports dropped. We find that one possible response to Title IX is an increase in resources devoted to women’s sports with no change in resources devoted to men’s sports.

Keywords: Title IX, Gender Equity, Sports Contest

JEL Classification: J16, J18, I2, K3

Suggested Citation

Farmer, Amy and Pecorino, Paul, Title IX and the Allocation of Resources to Women's and Men's Sports (September 9, 2009). University of Alabama, Economics, Finance and Legal Studies Working Paper Series Working Paper No. 09-08-08, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1470778 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1470778

Amy Farmer

University of Arkansas - Department of Economics ( email )

Fayetteville, AR 72701
United States
501-575-6093 (Phone)
501-575-3241 (Fax)

Paul Pecorino (Contact Author)

University of Alabama - Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 870244
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
United States
205-348-0379 (Phone)
205-348-0590 (Fax)

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