Sericulture Industry in India – A Review
India Science and Technology (Online) 2008
6 Pages Posted: 15 Sep 2009
Date Written: September 14, 2009
The reduction of rural poverty continues to be a paramount goal of the developing countries like India as the majority of the poor population still resides in the countryside. The World Bank, for example, estimates that more than 70 % of the world poor lives in rural areas. So far, various strategies have been pursued to address this concern and among the major ones is rural employment creation. The agriculture sector, however, has been contending with a number of factors that have limited its further potential for generation new jobs in rural areas. Those factors may include the small land holdings, insufficient capital and investment incentives, the inadequate farm infrastructure, limited market and stagnant prices of agricultural products. It is therefore necessary to focus on a broader spectrum of the rural economy. The establishment of rural based industries like sericulture, in particular, can be very effective in creating new job opportunities and providing supplemental income. Being a rural agro-based labour intensive industry this sector can also play vibrant role to check migration from rural to urban areas. In this article, the present status of the sericulture industry in India, its trends, position in global sericulture and science and technological achievements have been reviewed. Besides, some of the critical issues like potentiality of the sector in national economy, rural development, women empowerment and employment generation have been identified. An attempt has been made to draw a strategic model to strengthen and promote sericulture industry in India to enhance productivity and quality of silk etc. This article would be helpful to recognize the potential, strength and challenges of the sericulture industry in India to formulate certain policies and measures for socio-economic development.
Keywords: potential, strengths, challenges, rural development, sericulture, S&T and trends
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