Is the Volatility of the Market Price of Risk Due to Intermittent Portfolio Re-Balancing?
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis
Harold L. Cole
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Hanno N. Lustig
Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
April 30, 2010
American Economic Review, Vol. 102, No. 6, 2012
Our paper examines whether the well-documented failure of unsophisticated investors to rebalance their portfolios can help to explain the enormous counter-cyclical volatility of aggregate risk compensation in financial markets. To answer this question, we set up a model in which CRRA-utility investors have heterogeneous trading technologies. In our model, a large mass of investors do not re-balance their portfolio shares in response to aggregate shocks, while a smaller mass of active investors adjust their portfolio each period to respond to changes in the investment opportunity set. We find that these intermittent re-balancers more than double the effect of aggregate shocks on the time variation in risk premia by forcing active traders to sell more shares in good times and buy more shares in bad times.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
Keywords: Asset Pricing, Household Finance, Risk Sharing, Limited Participation
JEL Classification: G12
Date posted: September 16, 2009 ; Last revised: May 11, 2015