Gender, Education and Reciprocal Generosity: Evidence from 1,500 Experiment Subjects

32 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2009

See all articles by Pablo Brañas-Garza

Pablo Brañas-Garza

Universidad Loyola Andalucia

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes

Maximo Rossi

Departamento de Economía, dECON; Universidad de la Republica - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 15, 2009

Abstract

There is not general consensus about if women are more or less generous than men. Although the number of papers supporting more generous females is a bit larger than the opposed it is not possible to establish any definitive and systematic gender bias. This paper provides new evidence on this topic using a unique experimental dataset. We used data from a field experiment conducted under identical conditions (and monetary payoffs) in 6 Latin American cities, Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Lima, Montevideo and San José. Our dataset amounted to 3,107 experimental subjects who played the Trust Game. We will analyze the determinants of behavior of second movers, that is, what determines reciprocal generosity. In sharp contrast to previous papers we found that males are more generous than females. In the light of this result, we carried out a systematic analysis of individual features (income, education, age, etc.) for females and males separately. We found differential motivations for women and men. Third, we see that (individual) education enhances pro-social behavior. Lastly, we see that subjects’ expectations are crucial.

Keywords: Reciprocal altruism, gender, education

JEL Classification: C93, D64, J16

Suggested Citation

Brañas-Garza, Pablo and Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo and Rossi, Maximo, Gender, Education and Reciprocal Generosity: Evidence from 1,500 Experiment Subjects (September 15, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1473962 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1473962

Pablo Brañas-Garza

Universidad Loyola Andalucia ( email )

c/ Escritor Castilla Aguayo
Córdoba, 14004
Spain

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/pablobranasgarza/home

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
339-4949 ext. 2473 (Phone)

Maximo Rossi (Contact Author)

Departamento de Economía, dECON ( email )

Facultad de Ciencias Sociales
Jose E. Rodo 1854
Montevideo 11200, 11200
Uruguay
59824106449 (Phone)
59824106450 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://Http://www.decon.edu.uy/~mito

Universidad de la Republica - Department of Economics ( email )

Constituyente 1502 Piso 6º
Montevideo, 11200
Uruguay
+598 2 4106449 (Phone)
+598 2 4106450 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://decon.edu.uy/~mito/pagina

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