International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions
31 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2009
Date Written: August 2009
Although negative shocks have persistent effects on output on average, this paper shows that macroeconomic policies and the structure of the economy can influence the speed of recovery and mitigate the persistence of the shock. Indeed, monetary and fiscal stimulus and foreign aid can spur a rebound, with impacts that are asymmetrically stronger than in nonrecovery years. Real depreciation and the exchange rate regime also have asymmetric growth effects in a recovery year relative to other years of expansion. Recoveries are more sluggish in open economies, partly because fiscal policy is less effective than in closed economies.
Keywords: Banking crisis, Business cycles, Concessional aid, Developed countries, Economic growth, Economic recession, Economic recovery, Emerging markets, Exchange rate regimes, External shocks, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Real effective exchange rates, Trade policy
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