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How Tight Was the Seal? A Reappraisal of Adoption Records in the United States, England, and New Zealand, 1851-1955

INTERNATIONAL ADVANCES IN ADOPTION RESEARCH FOR PRACTICE, Elsbeth Neil, Gretchen Wrobel, eds., Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009

25 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2009  

E. Wayne Carp

Pacific Lutheran University

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

This chapter will first demonstrate that in the United States, England and New Zealand, adoption records were open during the first half of the twentieth century or, if sealed, that a majority of adopted adults were able to access them fairly easily; and second, reveal when, why and how adoption records came to be sealed.

Keywords: adoption, adoption records, adopted adults, birth parents, adoptive parents

Suggested Citation

Carp, E. Wayne, How Tight Was the Seal? A Reappraisal of Adoption Records in the United States, England, and New Zealand, 1851-1955 (2009). INTERNATIONAL ADVANCES IN ADOPTION RESEARCH FOR PRACTICE, Elsbeth Neil, Gretchen Wrobel, eds., Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1475804

E. Wayne Carp (Contact Author)

Pacific Lutheran University ( email )

Tacoma, WA 98447
United States

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