Accountability Effects on Auditors' Performance: Influence of Knowledge, Problem-Solving Ability, and Task Complexity
Nanyang Technological University (NTU) - Division of Accounting
Nanyang Technological University
Journal of Accounting Research
In this study, we examine three factors that moderate the relation between accountability to a superior and auditor performance: knowledge, problem-solving ability, and task complexity. Specifically, we predict that accountability works best when the requisite knowledge and abilities are matched with the characteristics of the task.
In our study, auditors performed three tasks of varying complexity. In the low complexity task (listing compliance and substantive tests), accountability did not influence performance. As the task became more complex (listing financial statement errors associated with an internal control deviation), accountability improved performance only when knowledge was high. For the most complex task (listing causes associated with a change in ratios), accountability improved performance only when both knowledge and problem-solving ability were high. These results indicate that accountability works best in particular combinations of knowledge, problem-solving ability, and task complexity. Implications of the results and the directions for future research are discussed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 37
JEL Classification: M49
Date posted: January 28, 1999