The Gender Imbalance in Participation in Canadian Universities (1977-2005)

54 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2009

See all articles by Louis N. Christofides

Louis N. Christofides

University of Cyprus - Department of Economics; University of Guelph; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Michael Hoy

University of Guelph - Department of Economics

Ling Yang

Wilfrid Laurier University

Date Written: September 2009

Abstract

More females than males have been attending Canadian universities over the past decade and this gender imbalance in university participation has been increasing. We use the Linear Probability and Logit models to investigate the determinants of attending university and explore the reasons for the increasing gender imbalance. We find that, in gender-specific equations, the values of the coefficients attached to variables and the values of the variables themselves are both important in explaining the rising level of the university participation rate for women and men. The important variables include a time trend to capture the evolving societal norms, the dynamic influence of parental education, the earnings premium for a university degree, tuition fees and real income. The increasing gap between the female and male participation rates (15 percentage points by 2005) can be accounted for equally by differences in the coefficients in female and male participation equations and the widening gap in the university premium for women and men.

Keywords: university, participation, gender imbalance

JEL Classification: A20

Suggested Citation

Christofides, Louis N. and Hoy, Michael and Yang, Ling, The Gender Imbalance in Participation in Canadian Universities (1977-2005) (September 2009). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2791. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1479484

Louis N. Christofides (Contact Author)

University of Cyprus - Department of Economics ( email )

75 Kallipoleos Street
P.O. Box 20537
1678 Nicosia
Cyprus
357 22 892448 (Phone)
357 22 892432 (Fax)

University of Guelph ( email )

Guelph, Ontario
Canada
001-519-763-8497 (Phone)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Michael Hoy

University of Guelph - Department of Economics ( email )

50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Canada
519-824-4120, ext. 52169 (Phone)
519-763-8497 (Fax)

Ling Yang

Wilfrid Laurier University ( email )

75 University Ave W
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5
Canada

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
92
Abstract Views
794
rank
279,701
PlumX Metrics