The Moralisation of Citizenship in Dutch Integration Discourse
Amsterdam Law Forum, 2008
12 Pages Posted: 29 Sep 2009
Date Written: September 29, 2009
In this essay two arguments are made about the Dutch integration policy discourse drawing on a distinction between formal citizenship and moral citizenship. First it is argued that citizenship is increasingly framed as moral citizenship and subsequently that this entails a shift from actual citizenship to a virtual conception of it. This virtualisation of citizenship leads to the discursive articulation of certain citizens - immigrants who are citizens in the formal sense - as quasi-subjects, at once protected and feared within the nation-state. This entails that the virtualisation of citizenship does not concern formal inclusion in the nation-state, but rather the moral inclusion in the discursive domain of ‘society’.
Keywords: willem schinkel, moralisation, citizenship, discourse, inclusion, exclusion
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