32 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2009
Date Written: September 21, 2009
I show that thrifts engaged in sizable substitution from relatively uncorrelated asset returns to relatively highly correlated assets after the passage of the Financial institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989 (“FIRREA”). I also show that the book value of liabilities (principally deposits) exceeded the economic value of assets - that is, thrifts were “under water.” On average, thrifts had 95 cents worth of assets for each dollar of deposits and other liabilities. Because of their precarious financial position (that is, being so far out-of-the-money), thrifts did not redirect a substantial amount of wealth from the government insurer to equity holders after the enactment of FIRREA in spite of the asset substitution that occurred.
One can see a strong indication in the data for morally hazardous conduct by thrifts - that is, asset substitution into higher variance investments. But either the economic circumstances (being sufficiently out-of-the-money) or regulatory scrutiny (preventing even more asset substitution) resulted in minimal losses (in expectation) to the government insurer.
Keywords: Moral Hazard, Asset Substitution, FIRREA, Intangible Capital, Supervisory Goodwill, Asset Volatility
JEL Classification: d21, d61, d62, e44, e53, e59, g14, g21, g28, g38, k20, k23, l50, l51, m49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Arnold, Jonathan I., Moral Hazard: Asset Substitution and Transfer of Value Between Securityholders after FIRREA (September 21, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1480842 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1480842
By Sam Peltzman
By John Lott
By David Flath