Individual Differences in Expressing and Perceiving Nonverbal Cues: New Data on an Old Question

29 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2009

See all articles by Hillary Anger Elfenbein

Hillary Anger Elfenbein

Washington University in St. Louis, Olin School of Business

Maw-Der Foo

University of Colorado at Boulder

Manas K. Mandal

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur

R K Biswal

University of Delhi; NIT, Rourkela

Noah Eisenkraft

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School

Angeline Lim Cuifang

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Sudeep Sharma

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School

Date Written: October 5, 2009

Abstract

Previous research on the link between individual differences in emotional expression and emotion recognition over six decades revealed widely varying results. A recent meta-analysis (Elfenbein & Eisenkraft, 2009) showed a positive correlation for displays elicited as intentional communication, but zero for naturalistic displays. However, the longstanding mystery dissipated interest, preventing work from using updated authoritative methods for studying individual differences. With Kenny’s (1994) Social Relations Model, we tested round robin groups in which each participant posed their emotions and later judged the expressions of each other member. The design included emotion inductions to increase expressers’ authentic experience. The resulting effect size, ρ=.51, r=.43, is larger than previously typical. Implications are discussed for theories on individual emotional skills.

Keywords: emotion, expression, perception, recognition, Social Relations Model

Suggested Citation

Elfenbein, Hillary Anger and Foo, Maw Der and Mandal, Manas K. and Biswal, Ramakrishna and Eisenkraft, Noah and Lim Cuifang, Angeline and Sharma, Sudeep, Individual Differences in Expressing and Perceiving Nonverbal Cues: New Data on an Old Question (October 5, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1483388 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1483388

Hillary Anger Elfenbein (Contact Author)

Washington University in St. Louis, Olin School of Business ( email )

One Brookings Drive
Campus Box 1133
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States

Maw Der Foo

University of Colorado at Boulder ( email )

1070 Edinboro Drive
Boulder, CO 80309
United States
(303)7355423 (Phone)

Manas K. Mandal

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur ( email )

Kharagpur
IIT Khragpur
Kharagpur, IN West Bengal 721302
India

Ramakrishna Biswal

University of Delhi ( email )

University Road
Kirti Nagar
Delhi, DE New Delhi 110 007
India

Noah Eisenkraft

University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School ( email )

3641 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6365
United States

Angeline Lim Cuifang

National University of Singapore (NUS) ( email )

Bukit Timah Road 469 G
Singapore, 117591
Singapore

Sudeep Sharma

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School ( email )

One Brookings Drive
Campus Box 1133
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States

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