Individual Differences in Expressing and Perceiving Nonverbal Cues: New Data on an Old Question
29 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2009
Date Written: October 5, 2009
Previous research on the link between individual differences in emotional expression and emotion recognition over six decades revealed widely varying results. A recent meta-analysis (Elfenbein & Eisenkraft, 2009) showed a positive correlation for displays elicited as intentional communication, but zero for naturalistic displays. However, the longstanding mystery dissipated interest, preventing work from using updated authoritative methods for studying individual differences. With Kenny’s (1994) Social Relations Model, we tested round robin groups in which each participant posed their emotions and later judged the expressions of each other member. The design included emotion inductions to increase expressers’ authentic experience. The resulting effect size, ρ=.51, r=.43, is larger than previously typical. Implications are discussed for theories on individual emotional skills.
Keywords: emotion, expression, perception, recognition, Social Relations Model
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