Macroeconomic Changes and Mortality in Mexico

Posted: 8 Oct 2009 Last revised: 1 Jul 2014

See all articles by Troy C. Quast

Troy C. Quast

University of South Florida

Fidel Gonzalez

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business

Date Written: 2011

Abstract

While previous studies examine how the business cycle affects mortality in developed countries, less is known about this relationship in developing countries. In this paper, we investigate whether the procyclical nature of mortality in developed countries found by Ruhm (2000) and others is also present in Mexico. We assemble a unique panel data set that contains state-level data on mortality rates by age and cause of death, GDP per capita, and socioeconomic status. We find that for Mexico total mortality rates are procyclical, with the largest impact on those aged 20 to 49. While these findings are similar to those in Ruhm (2000), the effects of business cycles on mortality rates differ for several specific causes of death. These results suggest that whereas total mortality may be procyclical in both developed and developing countries, significant differences may exist for some causes of death.

Keywords: Business cycles, Mortality, Developing Countries, Mexico

JEL Classification: C33, E32, I1

Suggested Citation

Quast, Troy C. and Gonzalez, Fidel, Macroeconomic Changes and Mortality in Mexico (2011). Empirical Economics, Vol. 49, No. 02, 2011. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1485605

Troy C. Quast

University of South Florida ( email )

12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd.
Tampa, FL 33620
United States

Fidel Gonzalez (Contact Author)

Sam Houston State University - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics and International Business ( email )

Huntsville, TX 77341-2118
United States

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