How Does Programa Familias Guardabosques Affect Criminality? (Impacto del programa familia guardabosques sobre la criminalidad)

36 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2009

See all articles by Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez

Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez

University of Geneva - Geneva Finance Research Institute (GFRI)

Date Written: November 15, 2008

Abstract

There is a double-causality relationship between narcotraffic and violence in Colombia. This paper proposes a theoretical dynamic portfolio model on criminal activity, that explains the retroalimentation process between these two phenomena through criminality traps, resulting from low levels of human and social capital. Policies aiming at resolving these traps should have an impact not only on narcotraffic, but also on violence, in order to be effective. Different economic evaluations give evidence supporting the efficiency of alternative development in diminishing narcotraffic. This paper studies the effect that the colombian program of alternative development Familias Guardabosques (Forest Ranger Families) has had on violence. Results show that the affiliation to the program diminishes the homicide rate on a municipal level in its first two stages, while the effect has no significance in the program’s stages III and IV, when the economic incentive delivered to the families diminishes.

Keywords: Coca, Colombia, alternative development, criminality, human capital, social capital, Programa Familias Guardabosques (Forest Ranger Families)

JEL Classification: K42, D19, H53

Suggested Citation

Martínez Gutiérrez, Catalina, How Does Programa Familias Guardabosques Affect Criminality? (Impacto del programa familia guardabosques sobre la criminalidad) (November 15, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1485727 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1485727

Catalina Martínez Gutiérrez (Contact Author)

University of Geneva - Geneva Finance Research Institute (GFRI) ( email )

40 Boulevard du Pont d'Arve
Geneva 4, Geneva 1211
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://gfri.ch

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