Armed Conflict Exposure, Human Capital Investments and Child Labor: Evidence from Colombia

40 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2009

See all articles by Catherine Rodriguez

Catherine Rodriguez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Fabio Sánchez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 20, 2009

Abstract

Using a unique combination of household and violence data sets and a duration analysis methodology, this paper estimates the effect that exposure to armed conflict has on school drop-out decisions of Colombian children between the ages of six and seventeen. After taking into account the possible endogeneity of municipal conflict related events through the use of instrumental variables, we find that armed conflict reduces the average years of schooling in 8.78% for all Colombian children. This estimate increases to 17.03% for children between sixteen and seventeen years old. We provide evidence that such effect may be induced mainly through higher mortality risks, and to lesser extent due to negative economic shocks and lower school quality; all of which induce a trade-off between schooling and child labor.

Keywords: Armed conflict, School drop-out, Duration Analysis, Colombia

JEL Classification: I21, I29, O12

Suggested Citation

Rodriguez, Catherine and Sánchez Torres, Fabio, Armed Conflict Exposure, Human Capital Investments and Child Labor: Evidence from Colombia (February 20, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1485740 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1485740

Catherine Rodriguez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Fabio Sánchez Torres (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
+57 1 332 4495 (Phone)
+57 1 332 4492 (Fax)

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